Saturday, March 14, 2020

Letter from Martin Luther King essays

Letter from Martin Luther King essays In Kings essay, Letter From Birmingham Jail, King brilliantly employs the use of several rhetorical strategies that are pivotal in successfully influencing critics of his philosophical views on civil disobedience. Kings eloquent appeal to the logical, emotional, and most notably, moral and spiritual side of his audience, serves to make Letter From Birmingham Jail one of the most moving and persuasive literary pieces of the 20th century. In Birmingham, Ala., in the spring of 1963, King's campaign to end segregation at lunch counters and segregated hiring practices drew nationwide attention when police turned attacks dogs and fire hoses on peaceful demonstrators. King was jailed along with a large number of his supporters, including hundreds of schoolchildren. When white clergy, strongly opposed to Kings position on nonviolent passive resistance, issued a statement urging the blacks not to support the demonstrations, King penned a letter of remarkable eloquence which spelled out his philosophy of nonviolence disobedience. In Letter From Birmingham Jail, King expresses his extreme disappointment over the criticism of his leadership by Alabama clergymen, his understanding of why oppressed people must resist their oppression, and his deep faith in the fundamental decency of all Americans. In Letter From Birmingham Jail King demonstrates exceptional literary prowess through his mastery of several rhetorical strategies to persuade. Kings strategy to influence his audience in Letter From Birmingham Jail is that of a three-pronged approach. In an attempt to sway his fellow clergymen King argues his position with passion and conviction as he respectfully appeals to the logical, emotional and spiritual psyche of his critics. Kings first attempt to reach his reader is through his appeal to their logic or reasoning. He does this by presenting ...

Thursday, February 27, 2020

College students should have complete freedom to choose their own Essay

College students should have complete freedom to choose their own courses and create their own curriculums - Essay Example (Robertson & Smith, 1999, p.69) As the system functions today, college students are forced to conform to an educational model that was not designed in their interests. In other words, the existing educational system serves to indoctrinate young minds into obedient servants of the established social order. At the top of the social pyramid are the business and political elites, whose interests are reflected in the design of curricula. Hence, though it might lead to radical social upheavals, allowing greater freedom of choice within college campuses is the right way to go. Let us look at the rationale offered by those against freedom of choice in curricula and identify flaws in their arguments. A prominent advocate for less academic freedom was the sociologist Mortimer Adler, who stated that, left to their own choices, some students â€Å"will ‘downgrade’ their own education; therefore, adults should control these crucial choices so that such downgrading does not occur.† (Noddings, 2006, p.285) This fear is overstated, for college authorities can devise ways of ensuring that certain basic standards are met. Moreover, by what criteria are courses judged good and bad? In other words, the notion of ‘downgrading’ is very subjective. As John Dewey noted in his lectures, â€Å"a course in cooking, well planned and well executed, can induce critical thinking, increase cultural literacy, and provide valuable skills - it can be a "good" course. In contrast, a course in algebra may discourage critical thinking, add nothing to cultural literacy, and lead students to despair of acquiring useful skills - it can be a "bad" course.† (Noddings, 2006, p.285) Considering that John Dewey was the most influential educationist of last century, his views have to be heeded to. The essence of Dewey’s argument is that by there is more merit than what is apparent in courses such as

Monday, February 10, 2020

Performance Management at Vitality Health Enterprises, Inc Case Study

Performance Management at Vitality Health Enterprises, Inc - Case Study Example Vitality Health Enterprises, Inc was founded by Hikaru Fred Kikuchi in Ames, Iowa in 1987. Within the first three months, Kikuchi’s achieved sales revenue of more than $15,000 from the business. In late 1989, the firm established its own manufacturing facility in order to minimize the firm’s dependency on Japanese products. By 1991, Vitality’s revenues grew to $3 million per year and the company stopped depending upon Japanese finished-goods suppliers. Over the next few years, Vitality strived to spread its business across United States and Canada and moved its head quarters to Des Moines with intent to take advantages of better expansion opportunities. By 1995, the company gained a strong global presence by launching its products in countries like China, Japan, and Taiwan. In 1997, Vitality increased the size of its business notably with the acquisition of HerbaPure Nutraceuticals, and a decade later the company grew to nearly 7,000 employees. In order to address the stagnation caused by the 2008 global financial crisis and to deal with rising material costs, the Vitality recruited a new CEO, Beth Williams. As part of implementing the new business strategy developed, Williams organized the Performance Management Evaluation Team (PMET) to evaluate whether performance management goals were met. The PMET discovered that the many of the employees had not been satisfied with the current performance management system because it often failed to appreciate top performers adequately. Williams identified that rewarding top performers adequately and retaining them with the company for a long time were essential to accelerate the company growth. She also observed that a well planned restructuring of Vitality’s compensation practices would be inevitable to bring the change identified and to attract new top talent. As a result, Williams implemented the new performance management system in June 2009. To be specific, the problem wi th the firm was that the new performance management system characterized with a forced distribution model of performance rankings, ‘moving from an absolute ranking system to a relative one’ (Bingham & Beer, 2012). The company continued this system for the next two years. James Hoffman, the newly appointed vice president of human resources at Vitality, found that the new performance management system was not really helpful to motivate top performers despite six straight quarters of strong revenue growth. Evidently, the new system also underappreciated the efficiency of top performers and assisted poor performers to survive, because many of the managers had not been effectively abiding by this system. Some shortcomings of the new system also contributed to this problem. Section 2 2. Effectiveness of Vitality’s Performance Management System While analyzing the corporate history of Vitality Health Enterprises, it seems that the firm’s performance management sy stem has not been effective. The firm’s previous performance management system posed numerous problems to its professional staff including scientists, engineers, and product

Thursday, January 30, 2020

Motivation Essay Essay Example for Free

Motivation Essay Essay Civil Engineering is my passion and a very important part of my life. From the very beginning of my school life I was intrigued in various types of structures and its complication from engineering side. In time this desire was growing and I start being interested in construction processes and especially in different structural solutions. My mind was overfilled with questions such as how process of construction design runs, what are the reasons why some of structures sustain more loads while other ones collapse affected with lower loads. So I dedicated my post-secondary education to search the answers which allows me to understand how the engineering science works. And I made the right decision by choosing Civil Engineering studies. It was a key which unlocked the right doors to get the answers that I needed. During my Bachelor studies I was interested in design branch and especially in Structural Design. It has admired me because of its complication and oneness. None of the other sphere requires such a wide range of knowledge and none of them is as universal engineering specialization as the Structural Design is. Furthermore, Structural Design studies in TU/e provide the possibility to do research project what is a chance to explore and gain understanding in the structural design of structures and the aspects of the design process. Due to these reasons I would like to take the Architecture, Building and Planning programme because one of its specializations is Structural Design. After taking decision that it is time to continue my education I started exploration of Western Europe universities and I found out that TU/e is the best option to fulfill my needs. TU/e is a great choice because of its objective to grow up creative, initiative and independent thinking experts. Furthermore, this university cooperates with international companies and universities and can offer many MSc programm es in English what demonstrates that TU/e is oriented towards exchanging international knowledge and experience. The other aspect I chose TU/e is its worldwide reputation and ranking among world’s top technical universities. This fact enthuse me and it would be such an honour to study in one of the best Technical universities in the world and get lots of knowledge from authoritative and meritorious professors. Furthermore, TU/e is well known because of its research institutes and that students are taking responsibility of impressive projects. Young engineers have a chance to express their creativity and innovation. I believe that opportunity to  participate in educational life of such an outstanding university is an ambition of all engineers. In conclusion, the facts such as great rankings among the world’s best technical universities, high level professors and leading position in research inspired me to take MSc programme in TU/e. I have no doubts I made the right decision. The master’s studies of chosen programme are the best way to seek the goals of my career. I believe in it due to the circumstance that there are a lot of educated but not enough experienced engineers in Lithuania. So only the best of them are able to compete for the most sought-after and perspective positions. Whereas I am ambitious person I want to become one of the most professional, desirable and promising engineer for engineering companies. So I would like to continue purposeful studies and to advance knowledge of my previous degree what could help me to perform in more professional way. Considering my personal features such as a strong will to learn and activity on taking participation in diverse educational projects I daresay that I will be adorable student for your university and your professors. Furthermore, I believe that I and these master’s studies we are great match due to the feature of my character that I cannot face up with myself when I have unsolved problems and the attribute of these studies to be challenging. This feature of my character shows that I will be persistent and committed student. With a foundation of academic knowledge and experience I gained during the years of my bachelor studies, I believe I am qualified for the Master’s degree of Architecture, Building and Planning, specialization Structural Engineering. I am convinced that TU/e will provide me with knowledge, experience and confidence for the future. I think that this programme matches perfectly with my academic expectations and offers the best way to make my goals come true.

Wednesday, January 22, 2020

National Identity in Eric Amblers Journey into Fear Essay -- Journey

National Identity in Eric Ambler's Journey into Fear In his novel A Coffin for Dimitrios, Eric Ambler writes: "A man's features, the bone structure and the tissue which covers it, are the product of a biological process; but his face he creates for himself" (269). This distinction between the physical flesh and the face, the "devil mask" is for Ambler a crucial metaphor of "duplicity" (269). It is "a screen to hide [the] mind's nakedness...though they understand instinctively that the mask cannot be the man behind it; they are generally shocked by a demonstration of the fact" (269). If we extend this notion of the face to other external indicators of the man beneath, such as clothing and nationality, we begin to see the politics that imbue Ambler's characters. Graham, the hero of Journey into Fear, plays the role of the innocent Englishman in a duplicitous world of false identity and "devil masks" (269). As the act of identification occur, both of the mask and of the mind behind the mask, Graham's relation as the Englishman to th e other characters becomes a politicized commentary on England's role in the early stages of the Second World War. In Journey into Fear, Graham is presented to us as an embodiment of the Englishman. To the members of his society, Graham presents nothing more than the epitome of their national identity, to the extent that they are unable to recognize Graham as anything but unremarkable. Entrenched in their own culture, he presents nothing more than what they expect. Insofar as he possesses characteristics particular to him they are necessary only for driving the plot forwards. Beyond providing an alibi for his presence in Turkey, Graham is characterized by the inability of his peers, "the ... ... or so away from the car's tank" and fires at it (262). It is this act of identification of the situation and the action that follows that allows Graham to prevail over the German agents. Ultimately, Journey into Fear reads as a commentary on the political situation of England in the beginning stages of World War II. The nationalist and supra-nationalist identities speak to the necessity that Ambler saw of England first recognizing the situation, being able to identify the ape beneath the mask of national identity and subsequently acting upon it. The hero, Graham in this case, must identify, as Ambler's the painter does, the mind through the face and become aware of the inherently duplicitous nature of that mask. References Ambler, Eric. A Coffin for Dimitrios. Random House: New York 1939. Ambler, Eric. Journey into Fear. Random House: New York 1940.

Tuesday, January 14, 2020

Explain the Function of Two Hormones on Human Behavior

Explain the function of two hormones on human behavior A hormone is â€Å"a regulatory substance produced in an organism and transported in tissue fluids such as blood or sap to stimulate specific cells or tissues into action. † (Oxford Dictionary) One example of a hormone is Testosterone.This hormone is a function of human behavior because it is said to play a significant role in health and well being, especially in males. Wagner et al demonstrated this theory in a study in 1980. He utilized 10 seven-week-old male and female mice – the mice were placed in an apparatus with a bite target held in place by a telegraph key and the biting and/or tugging actions were observed and recorded.The experiment consisted of four conditions: (1) 5 male mice were tested first with no testosterone injection, and then were castrated; they were studied for six sessions (2) 5 male mice were treated with the same procedure as mice in group 1 respect to injection dosage, but they received s ham operations (3 and 4) each group consisted of 5 male mice, and the pattern for treatment of these mice was the same as those of groups 1 and 2, but the mice in group 3 were ovariectomized and those of group 4 received sham operations. Estrogen however, was initially given to these females rather than testosterone propionate.Estrogen injections continued for nine days and were followed by two days of vehicle injections and then by 14 days of testosterone propionate. Finally, six days of vehicle injections followed the hormone injections. The results were as expected; they found that those who were injected with testosterone propionate had a reduced behavior of aggression, and testosterone restores aggression in castrated mice. However, injecting testosterone is not sufficient to turn a previously non-aggressive mouse into an aggressive mouse – it only worked when the mouse was aggressive before the injection. Another type of hormone is Oxytocin.The hormone plays a key role in affecting social behavior; it is claimed to increase the level of trust and generosity in humans. Pinon et al displayed evidence for this claim in 2010 when he studied sixty participants (matched pairs design) who were randomly assigned to receive either Oxytocin or a placebo. They were given a questionnaire that asked them to share personal information and, although they were told that information would be kept confidential (and the results will be processed electronically on computer), they were allowed to tape and glue their questionnaires in envelopes for their privacy rights. 0% of participants with placebo glued and taped their envelopes; whereas, 60% of participants that were injected Oxytocin left their envelopes completely open to give to the researchers. This manifests that oxytocin does increase trust and that its effects extend beyond money. Specifically, participants on Oxytocin were 44 times more trusting that their privacy would not be violated than participants on placebo. To conclude, it is evident that hormones play a function in human behavior, however this does not mean there is a direct link between the two and we must consider the relationship as more of a correlation.

Monday, January 6, 2020

Analysis Of Tom Scott s Charter System - 1828 Words

Tom Scott found ways around the charter system in America and opened the doors for corporations to turn into monopolies. A monopoly is a company that has outmatched all other competition to where there is no more competition. without competition the company can charge whatever price they choose and no new competition ever challenges them because the monopoly buys out the new competition. Tom Scott made it so corporations could buy stock from other companies. Ted Nace explains Scott worked for a railroad. He was a very wealthy man and used his money and power within the company to make promises to people, such as building railroads to boost economic growth. These promises got him enough votes to be elected into the state congress. He then used his power to relieve taxation on the railroad and sway opinions of the people. Then to help his company expand Scott created a company that could modify its own charter. Scott then used this company to buy out other railroad companies creating a monopoly (Nace, 2003). Scott created what is know as a holding company. These companies are used to â€Å"hold† assets of a large corporation. Because Scott modified the charter he was then able to secretly buy other companies without gaining suspicion from the federal government. Scotts power was the beginning of corporations becoming more powerful than the government. The government is having a constantly changing view on corporations. One minute the government makes laws to help corporations andShow MoreRelatedTop 1 Cause for Project Failure65023 Words   |  261 PagesFeatured discussion In your experience, what is the TOP #1 cause for Project failure? From experience, the following are the TOP10 causes of Project failure that Mathew can think of (they are not in any kind of order): #1. Lacking Sponsor s Involvement/Ownership #2. Halo Effect (Wrong Man for the Job) #3. Poor HR Management #4. 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